Sunday, November 28, 2010


What is a mind-map?

A mind map is a diagram used to represent words, ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and arranged around a central key word or idea. Mind maps are used to generate, visualize, structure, and classify ideas, and as an aid to studying and organizing information, solving problems, making decisions, and writing.

The elements of a given mind map are arranged intuitively according to the importance of the concepts, and are classified into groupings, branches, or areas, with the goal of representing semantic or other connections between portions of information. Mind maps may also aid recall of existing memories.

By presenting ideas in a radial, graphical, non-linear manner, mind maps encourage a brainstorming approach to planning and organizational tasks. Though the branches of a mindmap represent hierarchical tree structures, their radial arrangement disrupts the prioritizing of concepts typically associated with hierarchies presented with more linear visual cues. This orientation towards brainstorming encourages users to enumerate and connect concepts without a tendency to begin within a particular conceptual framework.

The mind map can be contrasted with the similar idea of concept mapping. The former is based on radial hierarchies and tree structures denoting relationships with a central governing concept, whereas concept maps are based on connections between concepts in more diverse patterns.

Originator of Mind-mapping - Tony Buzan

Buzan is the name behind Mind Mapping. Since he wrote his first books in the late 1960's and early 1970's, Buzan's name has been synonymous with Mind Mapping. There is no doubt that his books and lecture tours have popularised the technique to the extent that Mind Maps® are now used throughout the world for a wide variety of purposes.

Although it was Buzan who first used the term and set out his 'Laws of Mind Mapping', he himself was building on a lineage of using patterns, pictures, colour and association, that stretches back thousands of years. Those ideas are universal but in many cultures not all people were benefiting from them and when Buzan introduced the codified technique of Mind Mapping it struck a chord with many.

Buzan has written and co-written many books about the brain and how to use it more effectively. Most notable in this regard are 'Use Your Head', 'Make the Most of Your Mind' (currently out of print) and 'The Mind Map Book' - and whilst many of his books repeat the messages about how to Mind Map and how to use Mind Mapping, his tireless efforts to promote 'Buzan's Mind Mapping' have led to millions of people using and benefiting from the technique throughout the world.

Here are some examples of mind-maps:

Mind map drew by hand.

Mind map with a human figure

Coloured and illustrated mind map.

Computer illustrated with pictures.

Mind map can be complicated as well filled up with lots of information.

Thursday, November 11, 2010

Definition of Novelty, Creativity, Invention and Innovation


Novelty (derived from Latin word novus for "new") is the quality of being new. Although it may be said to have an objective dimension (e.g. a new style of art coming into being, such as abstract art or impressionism) it essentially exists in the subjective perceptions of individuals.

1 : something new or unusual
2 : the quality or state of being novel : newness
3 : a small manufactured article intended mainly for personal or household adornment —usually used in plural
4 : something (as a song or food item) that provides often fleeting amusement and is often based on a theme —often used attributively


Creativity refers to the phenomenon whereby a person creates something new (a product, a solution, a work of art etc.) which has some kind of value. What counts as "new" may be in reference to the individual creator, or to the society or domain within which the novelty occurs. What counts as "valuable" is similarly defined in a variety of ways.


An invention is a new composition, device, or process. An invention may be derived from a pre-existing model or idea, or it could be independently conceived in which case it may be a radical breakthrough. In addition, there is cultural invention, which is an innovative set of useful social behaviors adopted by people and passed on to others.[1] Inventions often extend the boundaries of human knowledge or experience. An invention that is novel and not obvious to others skilled in the same field may be able to obtain the legal protection of a patent.


comes from the Latin innovationem, noun of action from innovare. The Etymology Dictionary further explains innovare as dating back to 1540 and stemming from the Latin innovatus, pp. of innovare "to renew or change," from in- "into" + novus "new" Innovation can therefore be seen as the process that renews something that exists and not, as is commonly assumed, the introduction of something new.

Founders of Google - Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Two PhDs from Stanford University started work in the garage of a friend’s. And they were defiantly not building steam engines!

They were, however, creating the internet’s most powerful search engine. Sergey Brin and Larry Page are arguably the world’s most successful Internet entrepreneurs and developers in history. This enabled them to earn billions, while assisting everyone from high school students to particle physicists have an easy time searching for information over the internet.

Google was first launched on Stanford’s website ( and then finally on in 1997. It is estimated that GOOGLE is worth about a staggering $25 billion dollars.